Curling was first played by the Scottish and dates back to the 16th century, where they used to play on frozen lakes and ponds. The Scottish played with a stone called a kuting stone; it had various weights from 4 to 5 pounds up to 25 pounds. The stone had holes and hollow cuts on either side for the fingers to be placed; they used this stone from the 1500s until 1650. Players came up with new ideas to better the game like the crampit, this device is a sheet-iron boot attachment with spikes, it would ruin the ice since the players walked all over the ice with it. Later the crampit invention becomes known as the hack, a foothold three or four inches deep in the ice to make it easier to throw a boulder or a kuting stone. Eventually the Scots started to use a different type of stone to curl with; it was called the channel-stone. This stone was a river bed stone made with an iron handle, one of the first kinds of these stones dates back to 1551. The Scottish also cleared a pathway from the snow for the curling rock using a device called the kowe. Curling was introduced to Canada during 1756-1763. Canada’s cold wintery conditions were perfect for the game.